Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Gladius

The Legions patterned their short swords after those of the Spanish Celts. The historian, Polybius, says they were introduced into the army during the second Punic War. The Gladius of Caesar's time until Tiberius had a slight curve in the edge of the blade. The Fulham type and the Pompeii type had edges which were completely parallel. This sword was intended as a thrusting weapon. This was the best way to use a sword in tight formation. Using the sword in a slashing motion would cause the soldier to open his side to attack. The Gladius was replaced by the traditional long swords of the barbarians in the late empire.

 

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

From Encyclopedia

Guige
Strap which holds a shield up the shoulders or neck.
Langet
Metal strips attached to the the shaft of a polearm to reinforce the torque of its head, and to protect the joint connecting the head and…
Spaudler
A light laminated defence protecting the point of the shoulder and top of the arm, especially popular in Germany.
Spatha
Long cavalry sword.
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