Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Gladius

The Legions patterned their short swords after those of the Spanish Celts. The historian, Polybius, says they were introduced into the army during the second Punic War. The Gladius of Caesar's time until Tiberius had a slight curve in the edge of the blade. The Fulham type and the Pompeii type had edges which were completely parallel. This sword was intended as a thrusting weapon. This was the best way to use a sword in tight formation. Using the sword in a slashing motion would cause the soldier to open his side to attack. The Gladius was replaced by the traditional long swords of the barbarians in the late empire.

 

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

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Buckler
Small and round hand- shield (9 – 18 inches in diameter) with a single handle or two enarmes. Has long spikes or hooks on its front,…
Damascening
Also called inlay. A process used for the decoration of metal surfaces; usually silver or gold onto iron or steel. 'True'…
Waist lame
A horizontal lamina­tion in the breast or backplate at waist level.
Arnis
Italian for "harness", the historical term for being "in armour".
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