Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Footman's lance

The footman's lance was essentially a spear used solely for thrusting. Generally, lances were considered to be a cavalry weapon but foot soldiers used a smaller version of them during the iron age throughout the known world. The main difference between a spear-proper and a footman's lance is that spears were often designed such that the spear tip broke off upon impact with the target. Lances, conversely, were designed such that the tip would not break off in the hands of the wielder. Other than that, though, a footman's lance is a spear.

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

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Boss
Also umbo. The round shaped piece of metal at the center of a shield. Protects the hand.
Epaule de mouton
Steel defense for the complete arm; developed during the 15th and 16th centuries; used exclusively in jousts.
Ice pick
Small tool consisting of a thin metal spike fitted into a wooden handle.
Ox-tongue spear
Also called the Langdebeve and Langue de Boeve (both mean tongue of the ox). The ox-tongue spear was a polearm weapon common among the Swiss and…
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