Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Baculus

In terms of semantics, a baculus is defined as a staff, especially one that symbolizes authority. The term baculus, or baculum, is Latin for staff. Used in combat throughout Europe until well after the middle ages, the baculus was a heavy, hardwood club with a knotty head used for striking. While not as durable as a metal headed mace, the baculus could still inflict significant concussion damage to an armored or un-armored opponent. It was a popular weapon among conscripted soldiers because it was a relatively inexpensive weapon and easily obtained. It was common practice for soldiers using a baculus to carve and engrave the wood with pictures and marks recounting battles in which they had fought.

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

From Encyclopedia

Ailette
A flat plate of leather or parchment (square, round or diamond-shaped) which tied to the point of the shoulder. Worn be­tween 1250-1350 to…
Kettle hat
Plain metal helmet with a wide brim.
Spaudler
A light laminated defence protecting the point of the shoulder and top of the arm, especially popular in Germany.
Veruta
Throwing javelin of the late empire.
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