Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Baculus

In terms of semantics, a baculus is defined as a staff, especially one that symbolizes authority. The term baculus, or baculum, is Latin for staff. Used in combat throughout Europe until well after the middle ages, the baculus was a heavy, hardwood club with a knotty head used for striking. While not as durable as a metal headed mace, the baculus could still inflict significant concussion damage to an armored or un-armored opponent. It was a popular weapon among conscripted soldiers because it was a relatively inexpensive weapon and easily obtained. It was common practice for soldiers using a baculus to carve and engrave the wood with pictures and marks recounting battles in which they had fought.

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

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Burgonet
A light, open-faced helmet popular in the sixteenth century as an alternative to the close-helmet for light cavalry. It was usually…
Pilum
Roman throwing spear. Has a small, leaf-shaped head on a long and thin iron part attached to a wooden shaft. Effective vs. …
Footman's lance
The footman's lance was essentially a spear used solely for thrusting. Generally, lances were considered to be a cavalry weapon but foot soldiers…
Goddara
Sword with a curved blade and padded hilt; often highly decorated.
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