Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Target

A round shield, mounted on the arm, used throughout history. Most targets were large (30 - 36”) and made of wood, but in the Renaissance, a smaller (24” diameter), steel version became popular.

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

From Encyclopedia

Backsword
Also Mortuary sword or German Reitschwert. Has only one cutting edge (therefore its name). The non-cutting edge is…
Boss
Also umbo. The round shaped piece of metal at the center of a shield. Protects the hand.
Spaudler
A light laminated defence protecting the point of the shoulder and top of the arm, especially popular in Germany.
Fist mace
Iron or steel mace shaped like a clenched fist.
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